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Counselor Work Conditions

In 2010, mental health counselors held about 120,300 jobs, and marriage and family therapists held about 36,000 jobs.

Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists work in variety of settings, such as mental health centers, substance abuse treatment centers, hospitals, and colleges. They also work in private practice and in employee assistance programs (EAPs), which are mental health programs that some employers provide to help employees deal with personal problems.

The following table shows the industries with the highest percentages of mental health counselors in 2010:

Individual and family services 18%
Outpatient mental health and substance abuse centers 16%
Hospitals; state, local, and private 12%
State and local government, excluding education and hospitals 11%
Residential mental health and substance abuse facilities 10%

The following table shows the industries with the highest percentages of marriage and family therapists in 2010:

Individual and family services 27%
State and local government, excluding education and hospitals 22%
Outpatient mental health and substance abuse centers 11%
Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians) 6%
Nursing and residential care facilities 4%

Dealing every day with the array of problems that clients bring may be stressful.

Mental health counselors and marriage and family therapists generally work full time. Because counseling sessions are scheduled to accommodate clients who may have job or family responsibilities, some counselors and therapists work evenings and weekends.

Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 Edition

Counselor Duties
Counselor Work Conditions
Counselor Employment
Counselor Training
Counselor Job Outlook
Counselor Earnings

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